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Revise P.E.

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GCSE P.E Paper 1 Fitness and Body Systems - Topic list

  • I know about the functions of the skeleton and can apply them to performance in physical activities and sports.
  • I understand the classification of bones, including long, short, flat, irregular and their application to physical activities and sports.
  • I know the structure of the skeletal system and its application to performance in physical activities and sports.
  • I know the classification of joints and their impact on the range of possible movements.
  • I understand how the movement possibilities at joints is dependent on joint classification and can apply these to different sporting contexts.
  • I know the role of ligaments and tendons and their relevance in participation in physical activity and sport.
  • I know the classification and characteristics of muscle types and their roles when participating in physical activity and sport.
  • I know the location and understand the role of the voluntary muscular system to work with the skeleton to bring about specific movement during physical activity and sport, and the specific function of each muscle.
  • I know how antagonistic pairs of muscles work together to create opposing movement at joints to allow physical activities.
  • I know the characteristics of fast and slow twitch muscle fibre types and understand how these impact on their use in physical activities.
  • I understand how the skeletal and muscular systems work together to allow participation in physical activity and sport.
  • I know the functions of the cardiovascular system and can apply them to performance in physical activities.
  • I know the structure of the cardiovascular system and each part's role in maintaining blood circulation during performance in physical activity and sport.
  • I know the structure of arteries, capillaries and veins and how their structure relates to their function and importance during physical activity and sport.
  • I understand the mechanisms required and the need for redistribution of blood flow during physical activities compared to when resting.
  • I know the function and importance of red and white blood cells, platelets and plasma for physical activity and sport.
  • I know the composition of inhaled and exhaled air and the impact of physical activity and sport on this composition.
  • I know about vital capacity and tidal volume, and change in tidal volume due to physical activity and sport, and understand the reasons that make the change in tidal volume necessary.
  • I can identify the location of the main components of the respiratory system and know their role in movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the body.
  • I understand how the cardiovascular and respiratory systems work together to allow participation in physical activity and sport.
  • I know that glucose and oxygen are used to release energy aerobically with the production of carbon dioxide and water. I can describe impact of insufficient oxygen on energy release and the byproduct of anaerobic respiration.
  • Energy sources: Fats as a fuel source for aerobic activity, carbohydrates as a fuel source for aerobic and anaerobic activity.
  • I know the short-term effects of physical activity and sport on lactate accumulation, muscle fatigue, and the relevance of this to the player/performer.
  • I know the short-term effects of physical activity and sport on heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output, and the importance of this to the player/performer.
  • I know the short-term effects of physical activity and sport on depth and rate of breathing, and the importance of this to the player/performer.
  • I know how the respiratory and cardiovascular systems work together to allow participation in, and recovery from, physical activity and sport.
  • I understand the long-term effects of exercise on the body systems.
  • I can interpret graphical representations of heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output values at rest and during exercise.
  • I know about first, second and third class levers and their use in physical activity and sport.
  • I know about the mechanical advantage and disadvantage of the body’s lever systems and the impact on sporting performance.
  • I know about movement patterns using body planes and axes applied to physical activities and sporting action.
  • I know about movement in the sagittal plane about the frontal axis when performing front, back tucked or piked somersaults.
  • I know about movement in the frontal plane about the sagittal axis when performing cartwheels.
  • I can identify movement in the transverse plane about the vertical axis when performing a full twist jump in trampolining.
  • I know the definitions of fitness, health, exercise and performance and the relationship between them.
  • I know the components of fitness and relative importance of the components in physical activity and sport.
  • I know about fitness tests including the value of fitness testing, the purpose of specific fitness tests, the test protocols, the selection of the appropriate fitness test for components of fitness and the rationale for selection.
  • I know how to collect data and interpret data from fitness test results and carry out analyses and evaluations against normative data tables.
  • I know which fitness tests test for specific components of fitness.
  • I understand how fitness is improved.
  • I know about planning training using the principles of training, including the FITT principles, and the thresholds of training.
  • I know about factors to consider when deciding the most appropriate training methods and training intensities for different physical activities and sports.
  • I know about the use of different training methods for specific components of fitness, physical activity and sport and the advantages and disadvantages of different training methods.
  • I understand the long-term effects of aerobic and anaerobic training and exercise and the benefits to the muscular-skeletal and cardio-respiratory systems and performance.
  • I know how long-term training effects allows a person to be able to train for longer and more intensely.
  • I understand the long-term training effects and benefits: For performance of the muscular-skeletal system.
  • I understand the long-term effects and benefits for performance of training the cardio-respiratory system.
  • I know that a PARQ is used to assess personal readiness for training and can provide recommendations for amendment to training based on PARQ.
  • I know different methods that can be used to prevent injury.
  • I know about injuries that can occur in physical activity and sport.
  • I know what RICE stands for.
  • I know about performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) and their positive and negative effects on sporting performance and performer lifestyle.
  • I understand the importance of warm-ups and cool-downs to support effective training sessions and physical activity and sport.
  • I understand the phases of a warm-up and their significance in preparation for physical activity and sport.
  • I know what activities should be included in warm-ups and cool-downs.
  • I have developed knowledge and understanding of data analysis in relation to key areas of physical activity and sport.
  • I can demonstrate an understanding of how data is collected in fitness, physical and sporting activities – using both qualitative and quantitative methods.
  • I can present data (including tables and graphs).
  • I can interpret data accurately.
  • I can analyse and evaluate statistical data from my own results and interpret against normative data in physical activity and sport.

GCSE Paper 2 Health and Performance - Topic List

  • I know about physical health and how increasing physical ability, through improving components of fitness can improve health/reduce health risks and how these benefits are achieved.
  • I know about emotional health and how participation in physical activity and sport can improve emotional/psychological health and how these benefits are achieved.
  • I know about social health and how participation in physical activity and sport can improve social health and how these benefits are achieved.
  • I know about the impact of fitness on well-being and the associated positive/negative health effects.
  • I know about how to promote personal health through an understanding of the importance of designing, developing, monitoring and evaluating a personal exercise programme to meet the specific needs of the individual.
  • I know about lifestyle choices in relation to: Diet, activity level, work/rest/sleep balance, and recreational drugs.
  • I understand the positive and negative impact of lifestyle choices on health, fitness and well-being.
  • I know what is meant by a sedentary lifestyle and the associated consequences.
  • I am able to interpret and analyse graphical representation of data associated with trends in physical health issues.
  • I know the nutritional requirements and ratio of nutrients for a balanced diet in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle and optimise performance in physical activity and sport.
  • I know about the role and importance of micronutrients, water and fibre for performers/players in physical activities and sports activities and sports, carbohydrate loading for endurance athletes, and timing of protein intake for power athletes.
  • I know the factors that affect a person's optimum weight.
  • I understand that there is a variation in optimum weight according to roles in specific physical activities and sports.
  • I know the correct energy balance to maintain a healthy weight.
  • I understand the requirements of hydration for physical activity and sport.
  • I understand the classification of a range of sport's skills using the open-closed, basic (simple)-complex, and low organisation-high organisation continua.
  • I know about practice structures including massed, distributed, fixed and variable.
  • I understand how to apply knowledge of practice and skill classification to select the most relevant practice to develop a range of skills.
  • I know about the use of goal setting to improve and/or optimise performance.
  • I understand the principles of SMART targets and the value of each principle in improving and/or optimising performance.
  • I know about setting and reviewing targets to improve and/or optimise performance.
  • I know about the different types of guidance to optimise performance.
  • I understand the advantages and disadvantages of each type of guidance and its appropriateness in a variety of sporting contexts when used with performers of different skill levels.
  • I know about the different types of feedback to optimise performance.
  • I am able to interpret and analyse graphical representation of data associated with feedback on performance.
  • I know about mental preparation for performance.
  • I know about participation rates in physical activity and sports and the impact on participation rates considering the following personal factors: Gender, age, socio-eonomic group, ethnicity, disability.
  • I am able to interpret and analyse graphical representation of data associated with trends in participation rates.
  • I understand the relationship between commercialisation, the media and physical activity and sport.
  • I understand the advantages and disadvantages of commercialisation and the media for: The sponsor, the sport, the player/performer, the spectator.
  • I am able to interpret and analyse graphical representation of data associated with trends in the commercialisation of physical activity and sport.
  • I know about the different types of sporting behaviour and the reasons for, and consequences of, deviance at elite level.
  • I am able to interpret and analyse graphical representation of data associated with trends in ethical and socio-cultural issues in physical activity and sport.
  • I have developed my knowledge and understanding of data analysis in relation to key areas of physical activity and sport.
  • I can demonstrate an understanding of how data is collected in fitness, physical and sport activities – using both qualitative and quantitative methods.
  • I can present data (including tables and graphs).
  • I can analyse and evaluate statistical data from my own results and interpret against normative data in physical activity and sport.

BTEC Unit 1 - Fitness for Sport and Exercise

 BTEC Unit 2: Practical Performance in Sport

BTEC Unit 3: Applying the Principles of Personal
Training

BTEC Unit 4: The Mind and Sports Performance

BTEC Unit 5: The Sports Performer in Action

BTEC Unit 6: Leading Sports Activities

Top Tips

  • Practice your moderation day activities.
  • Complete your PEP to a high standard.
  • Watch these revision videos.
  • Attend revision sessions over Easter.
  • Use mnemonics/acronyms to remember key content.
  • Look at the number of marks available for the question.
  • When giving sporting examples, think: 
  • WHO?/NEEDS WHAT?/WHEN?/WHY?
  • 9 mark questions = how does it affect performance and does it require a balanced argument?